Conheça algumas curiosidades antes de visitar Quebec constable canadense de ganso

Conheça algumas curiosidades antes de visitar Quebec

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Quebec é a maior província do Canadá onde a primeira língua falada é o francês, são cerca de 8 milhões de habitantes. Por lá, ser diferente das outras partes do país é motivo de orgulho para a maioria dos moradores. E essas diferenças não estão só no jeito de falar, os Quebecois, ou cidadãos de Quebec – mostram que também possuem um jeito próprio de cozinhar e se divertir. Baseado em uma matéria do site de notícias CNN separamos algumas curiosidades para quem está planejando visitar ou até morar na província.  Se divirta!

Realmente tudo é em francês

bemvindo

A língua predominante é o francês, como já citamos, mas isso em Quebec quer dizer que as placas, lojas, restaurantes, cardápios, tudo vai seguir essa linha. La existe até uma organização pública, o OQLF (Office quebecois de la langue francaise) que tem como principal função garantir que o francês seja usado como língua oficial, dando até multa para empresas que não seguem as regras.  

Então, mesmo não falando francês é legal dar uma olhada em como se diz palavras e frases do dia a dia, como obrigado, por favor, frango, carne, socorro, cerveja, água, etc. Você vai encontrar pessoa que também falam inglês, mas como diz aquele ditado: “O seguro morreu de velho”. Já que dos 8 milhões de habitantes da província, 80% falam francês como língua mãe e fora das grandes cidades, como Montreal, a maioria da população fala francês.

Igrejas católicas para vender

Foto: NORMAND BLOUIN/AFP/Getty Images

Como a província foi povoado por franceses nada mais normal pensar que o catolicismo tem marca forte na cultura dos Quebecois. Porém, o que tem se notado nos últimos anos são igrejas vazias. Muitos dos prédios estão para vender, alguns foram demolidos e outros se tornaram espaços para fins não religiosos.

Quebec tem seu próprio feriado nacional

O maior feriado nacional do Canadá acontece em 1 de Julho pela celebração do dia do Canadá. Inclusive em Quebec, onde as pessoas não trabalham e a cidade promove comemorações. Mas por lá, o maior feriado nacional é outro. A província realmente para no dia 24 de Junho por causa do feriado do Dia Nacional de Quebec. A a data marcava inicialmente o nascimento de João Batista, primo de Jesus, segundo a bíblica. Mas em 1834 o feriado conhecido como  Fête Nationale passou a ter também o significado do dia nacional da província. A festa é realmente grandiosa, deixando as comemorações do 1 de Julho no “chinelo”. Se estiver por lá nessa data fuja das folhas vermelhas de Maple Leaf e invista na cor azul, cor que marca a comemoração.

Identidade na cozinha

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Montreal e a cidade de Quebec são bastante conhecidas pela autenticidade na cozinha. Praticamente sem influencia externa, as receitas são baseadas na tradicional educação francesa, com produtos da própria província. Espere encontrar nos pratos ingredientes como fígado de pato ou ganso que foram tratados antes de morrer um jeito todo específico (foie gras), scallops, camarões vindo de Metano, queijos, vegetais orgânicos e carne porco. Na cidade de Quebec os restaurantes tem um compromisso muito sério de usar ingredientes feitos/colhidos na província.

Maiores produtores de xarope de Maple

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Quebec é a maior produtora de xarope de Maple do mundo. Durante a época de degelo em março, cabanas de açúcar podem ser encontradas oferecendo o famoso xarope canadense acompanhado de neve, panquecas, feijão, porco e muito mais. Se estiver pela província nessa época do ano não deixe de saborear (saborear?!) essa mistura gastronômica, já que os brasileiros normalmente se atrevem de colocar o xarope só em panquecas ou waffles.

Até mesmo a poutine foi reinventada

poutina em Quebec

A poutine pode-se dizer que é o prato mais tradicional. A receita padrão é batata frita palito, molho gravy e pedaços de queijo em cima. Mas o que  acontece em Quebec é que eles mudaram a receita original, adicionando itens sofisticados da culinária francesa, como fígado de pato, o já falado foie gras, ou a coxa do bicho, chamado de duck confit. Em algumas cidade em Quebec, principalmente em Drummondville, os moradores afirmam que a poutine foi criada por lá.

Maior festa acontece na época mais fria do ano

Carnaval du Quebec

Quebec também tem festa de carnaval em fevereiro, conhecida como Carnaval du Quebec. Porém, diferente do Brasil a festa acontece no inverno, época mais fria do ano. Mas isso não é motivo para deixar a comemoração menos popular, ao contrário, o carnaval de Quebec é a maior festa da província, o maior carnaval de inverno do mundo, e o terceiro no ranking dos melhores do mundo, perdendo para o Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) e New Orleans (EUA).

A principal celebração acontece na cidade de Quebec, por duas semanas, e as atividades normalmente são a céu aberto (imaginem o frio). O palácio de gelo, que abriga o mascote do festival é o ponto turístico mais conhecido do carnaval, que também oferece várias atividades de entretenimento, como competição de esculturas no gelo e esportes de inverno.

Aguente o frio, as atividades favoritas são ao ar livre

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Ice fishing (Pescar no rio congelado) e snowshoeing (deslizar na neve com acessórios especiais) eram atividades praticadas por necessidade pelos moradores de Quebec durante o frio, mas hoje em dias muitas pessoas adotaram essas atividades como esporte e as fazem por puro prazer. Em qualquer lugar com uma porção de rio congelado, lá se vão vários Quebecois fazer o buraco e pescar. Durante a temporada – dezembro a fevereiro –  é possível alugar todos os equipamentos para participar da diversão.

Via: cnn.com
Fotos: Shutterstock, internet e CNN

 

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Bibliography of works cited on Darwin Online

1841-1891. Census Returns of England and Wales. Entries relating to the Darwin family. Text Image Text & image

1881-1882. Last will and testament of Charles Robert Darwin. Text Image YorkProbateSubRegistry

1908. The Darwin-Wallace celebration held on Thursday, 1st July, 1908 by the Linnean society of London. Text A281

1909. Darwin Centenary Number. Christ's College Magazine. XXIII, Easter Term. Text Image A36

1909. Order of the proceedings at the Darwin celebrations held at Cambridge June 22-June 24, 1909. With a sketch of Darwin's life. Text Image F1481

1960. Handlist of Darwin papers at the University Library Cambridge. Text A94

Abbot, F. E. 1882. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A1-A2

Abbott, L. F. 1927. Charles Darwin, the saint. In Ibid. Twelve great modernists. New York: Doubleday. Text Image PDF A876

Adams, L. T. 1874. Mr. Darwin and the theory of natural selection. New Englander (October) 33: 741-770. Text Image A59

Agassiz, J. L. R. 1860. [Review of] On the Origin of species. American Journal of Science and Arts (Ser. 2) 30 (July): 142-154. Text Image A45

Agassiz, J.L.R. and Agassiz, E.C. 1868. A journey in Brazil. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. PDF A961

Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement [Communicated by Charles Darwin]. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 21: 176-179. Text Image A248

Allen, G. 1882. Obituary: Charles Darwin. The Academy 21, No. 521 (29 April): 306-7. Text Image A247

Allen, G. 1885. Charles Darwin. Text Image A254

Allen, G. 1885. Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton. Text Image A254

Anon. [Report of a meeting of the Royal Geographical Society]. 1840. The Times (26 May): 5. Text Image A183

Anon. [Subscribers to the Strangers' Friend Society]. 1841. The Times (16 January): 4. Text Image A184

Anon. 1828. The Cambridge University Calendar for the year 1828. Cambridge: Smith. [Extracts only] Image A521

Anon. 1829. The Cambridge University Calendar for the year 1829. Cambridge: Smith. [Extracts only] Image A522

Anon. 1830. The Cambridge University Calendar for the year 1830. Cambridge: Smith. [Extracts only] Image A523

Anon. 1831. The Cambridge University Calendar for the year 1831. Cambridge: Smith. [Extracts only] Image A524

Anon. 1832. The Cambridge University Calendar for the year 1832. Cambridge: Smith. [Extracts only] Image A525

Anon. 1835. [Report of a meeting of the Cambridge Philosophical Society]. The Times (22 December): 7. Text A182

Anon. 1836-7. [Reports of Darwin's communications read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society 1835-7]. The London and Edinburgh philosophical magazine and journal of science 8, no. 43 (January 1836): 79, 80; 10, no. 61 (April 1837): 316. Text A644

Anon. 1836. [Return of the Beagle and Darwin's observations]. Nautical Magazine 5: 755. Text A351

Anon. 1837. Report of the Zoological Society of London. The Times (13 July): 6. Text A181

Anon. 1839. [Review of] Narrative... [and] Journal of researches... Quarterly Review 65, no. 129 (December): 194-234. Text Image A515

Anon. 1839. Births. [William Erasmus Darwin]. The Times (30 December): 8. Text A192

Anon. 1839. [A curious fox] described in Darwin’s Researches in Geology and Natural History. John Bull, September 1839 Image A970

Anon. 1839. Mr. Darwin’s Journal [soon to be published]. John Bull, 1839 Image

Anon. 1842. [Obituary notice of Mary Eleanor Darwin]. The Times (19 October): 7. Text Image A185

Anon. 1845. [Review of] Journal of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the various countries visited by His Majety's ship Beagle. North American Review 61, Issue 128 (July): 181-199. Text Image A40

Anon. 1845. Calamitous fire at Quebec. The Times (28 July): 1. Text Image A193

Anon. 1846. [Review of] Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the various countries visited by H.B.M.S Beagle round the world. United States Democratic Review 18, no. 95 (May): 398. Text Image A41

Anon. 1846. D'Orbigny's 'Paléontologie Universelle' [with an extract from a letter to Darwin]. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 2 (2): 59. Text Image A114

Anon. 1847. [Review of] Geological observations made during the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. British Quarterly Review 5: 358-387. Text A680

Anon. 1855. [Editorial on recent discoveries of ancient seeds and experiments on the vitality of seeds]. Gardeners' Chronicle no. 45 (10 November): 739-40. Image A640

Anon. 1859. [Review of] On the origin of species. Saturday Review (London) (24 December): 775-776. Text Image [Including 15 October 1859 advertizement for Origin of species] A514

Anon. 1859. Review of the Origin of Species. John Bull and Brittannia, 1859 Image A972

Anon. 1859. Charles Darwin on the origin of species. Chambers's Journal 11: 388-391. Text Image A507

Anon. 1860. [Review of] On the Origin of Species, by Means of Natural Selection. Charles Darwin. Living Age 66, Issue 848 (1 September): 474-506. Text Image A58

Anon. 1860. British Association for the Advancement of Science. The Times (11 June): 9. Text Image A195

Anon. 1860. Darwin on the Origin of Species. New Englander 18 (70) (May): 516-519. Text Image A561

Anon. 1860. Natural selection. All the Year Round 3 no. 63 (7 July): 293-299. Text Image A509

Anon. 1860. Unnatural selection and improvement of species. Punch, 10 November 1860: 152 Image A973

Anon. 1861. Coventry relief fund. The Times (19 January): 3. Text Image A196

Anon. 1861. Indian Famine relief fund. The Times (5 April): 6. Text Image A188

Anon. 1861. Biographical sketch of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow. London. PDF A952

Anon. 1862. Lancashire and Cheshire Operatives Relief Fund. The Times (29 September): 3. Image A197

Anon. 1862. Lancashire distress. The Times (15 December): 5. Text Image A198

Anon. 1862. Appendix to Darwin’s Origin of Species. Punch, 42 (8 February): 52 Image A974

Anon. 1862. Our ancestry. Punch, (22 November): 209. Text Image A1011

Anon. 'A discursive'. 1866. Cut or uncut. Athenaeum (22 December): 848. Text Image A214

Anon. 'A great reader'. 1866. Cut or Uncut. Athenaeum (15 December): 803. Text Image A167

Anon. 1867. East-End Central Relief Committee. The Times (25 December): 2. Image A187

Anon. 1867. The Jamaica committee. The Times (25 January): 3. Text Image A190

Anon. 1868. [Review of] Variation of animals and plants under domestication. Gardeners' Chronicle (22 February): 184. Text Image A610

Anon. 1868. Artificial selection and pangenesis. Popular Science Review 7 (April): 176-80. Text Image A611

Anon. 1868. [Review of] Variation of animals and plants under domestication. Lancet 1 (18 April, 16 May): 501, 622-3; 2 (5 September): 313-14. Text Image A605

Anon. 1868. [Review of] The Variation of animals and plants under domestication. American Naturalist 2 (4) (June) 208-209. Text Image A117

Anon. 1868. [Review of] Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. North American Review 107 (Issue 220, July): 362-368. Text Image A67

Anon. 1868. [Review of] Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. Atlantic Monthly 22 (Issue 129, July): 122-124. Text Image A65

Anon. 1868. Darwin and pangenesis. Quarterly Journal of Science 5 (July): 295-313. Text Image A609

Anon. 1868. [Review of] Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. Putnam's monthly magazine of American literature, science and art 12 (10 October): 505-506. Text Image A66

Anon. 1868. [Review of] The Variation of animals and plants under domestication. American Naturalist 2 (10) (December) 547-553. Text Image A116

Anon. 1869. [Influence of the stock on the scion]. Gardeners' Chronicle (26 June): 686. [Extract sent by Darwin for publication] Text A614

Anon. 1868. A new work by Mr. Darwin [Descent of man]. The Academy 1 (9 October): 15-16. Text A633

Anon. 1869. National Education League. The Times (9 November): 7. Text A201

Anon. 1871. [Review of the Descent of Man]. Annual Register 368. Text A28

Anon. 1871. [Review of] The Descent of Man. Edinburgh Review (American Edition) 134 (no. 273, July): 99-120. PDF A933

Anon. 1871. A logical refutation of Mr. Darwin’s theory. Punch, 1 April 1871: 130 Image A976

Anon. 1872. Darwin, not dogberry. Punch, 14 December 1872: 246 Image

Anon. 1872. [Report of Darwin's name put forward as Lord Rector of Aberdeen University]. The Times (6 November): 5. Text A226

Anon. 1873. [Review of] The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 2: 444-446. Image A70

Anon. 1873. Darwin’s mystery of music. Punch, 11 January 1873: 20 Image A978

Anon. 1874. [Darwin proposed as Rector] University Intelligence: St. Andrews. The Times (27 November): 10. Text A191

Anon. 1875. [Notice of publication of Insectivorous plants and Climbing Plants.] Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 7 (23 January): 62. Text Image A663

Anon. 1876. Darwin's Insectivorous Plants. North American Review 122 (Issue 251, April): 425-437. Text Image A71

Anon. 1877. Dr. Darwin. Sunday School Hive, 1877. Image A980

Anon. 1877. Monkey maunderings. Funny Folks, 28 April 1877. Image A988

Anon. 1877. Mr Darwin at home. Newcastle Courant, 20 July 1877: 7. Image A989

Anon. 1877. Mr. Darwin’s infant. Sporting Gazette, 1877. Image A981

Anon. 1877. Punch to Dr. Darwin. Punch, 1 December 1877: 241. Image A979

Anon. 1878. A believer in Darwin. Punch, 7 September 1878: 108 Image A982

Anon. 1878. [Review of] Darwin's Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species. The American Naturalist 12(2) (February) 115-116. Text Image A111

Anon. 1878. [Petition against war signed by Darwin]. The Penny Illustrated Paper (18 May): 305. Text A714

Anon. 1879. University intelligence [meeting in Christ's College, Cambridge of the committee of the Darwin Memorial Fund]. The Times (8 March): 9. Text A872

Anon. (c. 1880s). [Recollections of Charles Darwin]. Text CUL-DAR112.B5

Anon. 1880. Excursion to Down. Lewisham and Blackheath Scientific Association Report 2 (10 July): 19-20. Text Image

Anon. 1881. [Review of] The Power of Movement in Plants. by Charles Darwin; Francis Darwin. Science 2 (No. 39, 26 March): 144. Text Image A72

Anon. 1881. [The will of Erasmus Alvey Darwin]. The Times (7 October): 4. Text A229

Anon. 1881. The proposed memorial to Dean Stanley. The Times (13 December): 8. Text Image A186

Anon. 1881. The scientific education of woman [with a donation by Darwin for a Cambridge laboratory for women]. The Times (27 January): 4. Text A227

Anon. 1881. Vegetable vagaries. Funny Folks, 8 January 1881. Image A990

Anon. 1882. [Admission ticket.] Funeral of Mr. Darwin. Text Image A203

Anon. 1882. Obituary: Charles Robert Darwin F.R.S. Lancet (29 April) pp. 693-694; 712-714. Text & image CUL-DAR216.17b

Anon. 1882. The late Mr. Darwin. The Times (29 April): 7. Text A864

Anon. 1882. [Request to bury the body of Charles Darwin in Westminster Abbey.] The Times (26 April): 11. Text A862

Anon. 1882. [Obituaries of Darwin] Morning Post (21 April). Text & image CUL-DAR216.19a

Anon. 1882. Charles Robert Darwin. The Times (21 and 24 April). Text & image CUL-DAR216.25b-27a

Anon. 1882. [Obituary of Darwin]. The Morning Advertiser (21 April). Text & image CUL-DAR216.33a

Anon. 1882. [Obituary of Darwin]. Daily News (21 April). Text & image CUL-DAR216.3a

Anon 1882. [Obituary of Darwin]. Daily Telegraph (21 April). Text & image CUL-DAR216.7a

Anon. 1882. [Burial scene engraving] Funeral of the late Charles Robert Darwin. The Graphic (6 May): 1. Image A233

Anon. 1882. [Obituary of] Charles Darwin. The Nation no. 878 (27 April): 354-5. Image A613

Anon. 1882. [Obituary of] Darwin. Manufacturer and builder 14, Issue 6 (June): 123. Text Image A83

Anon. 1882. [Obituary] Charles Robert Darwin. Punch (29 April): 203. Text Image A486

Anon. 1882. [Obituary] The late Mr. Darwin. The Times 3 May: 10. Text Image A85

Anon. 1882. [Review of] Darwin's Formation of Vegetable Mold Through the Action of Worms. The American Naturalist 16(6) (June) 499-500. Text Image A110

Anon. 1882. Obituary: Charles Darwin, M. A., F. R. S. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography 4 (5) (May) 314. Text Image A118

Anon. 1882. Review of The Life of Charles Darwin by G.W. Bacon. Journal of Science, and Annals of Astronomy, Biology, Geology, Industrial Arts, Manufactures, and Technology, (3rd series) 4: 549-550. Image A305

Anon. 1882. Carlos Darwin. El Club de Matanzas No.11 (16 June): 88. Text A713

Anon. 1882. Charles Robert Darwin. The Times. 21 May: 5 PDF A953

Anon. 1883. Darwin's handwriting. The Field Naturalist p. 78. Text Image A499

Anon. 1883. Mr. Charles Darwin on infant development. The Field Naturalist pp. 5-7. Text Image A497

Anon. 1885. The Darwin memorial. The Times (16 May): 11. Text A867

Anon. 1885. The Darwin memorial statue. The Times (10 June): 10. Text A868

Anon. 1885. Unveiling the statue of the late Charles Darwin in the Natural History Museum, South Kensington. The Graphic (20 June): 621-22. Text Image A542

Anon. 1885. Mr. Darwin in Tierra del Fuego. Boys Own Paper, 1885 Image A984

Anon. 1887. Charles Darwin at Christ's. Christ's College Magazine October Term, pp. 17-27. Text Image A552

Anon. 1888. Darwin’s boyish credulity. Young England, 1888 Image A985

Anon. 1894. Proposed memorial to the late Charles Darwin. Public meeting in Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury Chronicle (2 February). [offprint] Image A537

Anon. 1894. Proposed Darwin memorial at Shrewsbury. The Times (31 January): 8. Text A869

Anon. 1897. [Down House to be let]. The Times (25 February): 16. Text A541

Anon. 1897. A run to Darwin’s Downe. Cycling, 1897 Image A987

Anon. 1900. List of donations [books] received during the year 1899: From the executors of the late Mrs Darwin. Cambridge University Reporter 30 (41) 15 June: 1079-1080. Text A298

Anon. 1909. A visit to Darwin's village: reminiscences of some of his humble friends. Evening News (12 February): 4. Text Image A546

Anon. 1909. Order of the proceedings at the Darwin celebrations held at Cambridge June 22-June 24, 1909. With a sketch of Darwin's life. Text Image PDF F1481

Anon. 1911. Darwin's lodgings. Christ's College Magazine Easter Term, pp. 248-50. Image A553

Anon. 1932. Darwin at Down: the house and garden. The Times (19 April): 19. Text A871

Anon. [nd]. Charles Darwin in Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury: Information Centre for Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council. Image A590

Ape [Carlo Pelligrini]. 1869. Statesmen no. 25: [Samuel Wilberforce]. Vanity Fair (24 July): 50. Image A504

Ape [Pelligrini, Carlo]. 1871. Men of the day no 19: [Thomas Henry Huxley]. Vanity Fair (28 January): 306. Image A503

Armstrong, P. 1985. Charles Darwin in Western Australia: A young scientist's perception of an environment. Nedlands: University of Western Australia Press. Text A587

Armstrong, P. 1991. Under the blue vault of heaven: A study of Charles Darwin's sojourn in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Nedlands: Indian Ocean Centre for Peace Studies. Text A588

Armstrong, P. 1992. Charles Darwin's last island: Terceira, Azores, 1836. Geowest no. 27. Text A591

Armstrong, P. 1992. Darwin's desolate islands: A naturalist in the Falklands, 1833 and 1834. Chippenham: Picton Publishing, 1992. Text A589

Ashworth, J. H. 1935. Charles Darwin as a student in Edinburgh, 1825-1827. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 55: 97-113, pls. 1-2. Text Image A349

Astronomicus. 1871. Darwinism and astronomy. The Times (12 April): 10. Text A202

Atkins, H. 1976. Down: the home of the Darwins; the story of a house and the people who lived there. London: Royal College of Surgeons [Phillimore]. Text A668

Aveling, E. B. 1883. The religious views of Charles Darwin. Text Image A234

A. M. 1875. [Review of] Insectivorous plants. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 8 (24 July): 63-65. Text Image A664

Babbage, C. 1838. The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise. 2d ed. Text Image A25

Babington, C. C. 1836. Notice of the varieties of Chiasognathus Grantii, forwarded to Cambridge by C. Darwin, Esq. (Read 4 Jan.) Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1: lxxxv-lxxxvi. Text A891

Babington, C. C. [1842.] Dytiscidae Darwinianae; or, Descriptions of the Species of Dytiscidae collected by Charles Darwin, Esq., M.A. Sec. G. S. &c., in South America and Australia during his Voyage in H.M.S. Beagle. [Read 4 June 1838] Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 3: 1-17. Text Image A38

Bain, A. 1873. Review of 'Darwin on expression:' being a postcript to The senses and the intellect. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. Text Image A251

Bain, F.W. 1903. De vi physica et imbecillitate Darwiniana disputavit. Oxford: James Parker. PDF A948

Baldwin, J.M. 1909. Darwin and the humanities. Baltimore: Review publishing. PDF A957

Balfour, J. B. 1882. Obituary Notice of Charles Robert Darwin. Transactions & Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh 14: 284-8. Text Image A6

Banks, M. 1971. A Darwin manuscript on Hobart Town. Papers and proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 105: 5-19. Text Image PDF F1829

Banks, M. R. and D. Leaman eds. 1999. Charles Darwin's Field Notes on the geology of Hobart Town — A modern appraisal. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 133(1): 29-50. Text Image F1821

Barlow, N. 1932. Robert FitzRoy and Charles Darwin. Cornhill Magazine (April): 493-510. Text Image A536

Barlow, N. ed. 1933. Charles Darwin's diary of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Text Image PDF F1566 [Editorial matter only].

Barlow, N. 1935. Charles Darwin and the Galapagos Islands. Nature 136 (7 September): 391. Text F2112

Barlow, N. ed. 1945. Charles Darwin and the voyage of the Beagle. Text Image PDF F1571 Click to see illustrations

Barlow, N. ed. 1958. The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809-1882. With the original omissions restored. Edited and with appendix and notes by his grand-daughter Nora Barlow. Text Image PDF F1497 Click to see illustrationsBarlow, N. ed. 1963. Darwin's ornithological notes. Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 7, pp. 201-278. With introduction, notes & appendix by the editor. Text Image PDF F1577

Barlow, N. ed. 1958. The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809-1882. With the original omissions restored. Edited and with appendix and notes by his grand-daughter Nora Barlow. Text Image PDF F1497

Barlow, N. ed. 1967. Darwin and Henslow. The growth of an idea. Text Image PDF F1598 Click to see illustrations

Barrett, P. H. ed. 1960. A transcription of Darwin's first notebook [B] on 'Transmutation of species'. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 122: [245]-296, for 1959-1960 (April). Text Image F1575 [Since superceded by F1817]

Barrett, P. H. 1974. Early writings of Charles Darwin. In Gruber, H. E., Darwin on man. London: Wildwood. [Notebooks M, N, Old and useless notes, Essay on theology and natural selection, Questions for Mr. Wynne, Extracts from B-C-D-E transmutation notebooks, A Biographical Sketch of Charles Darwin's Father, Plinian Society Minutes Book] Text F1582 [Since superceded by F1817]

Barrett, P. H. 1974. The Sedgwick-Darwin geologic tour of North Wales. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 118, No. 2. (19 April): 146-164. Text Image PDF F1964

Barrett, P. H. ed. 1977. On the Ova of Flustra, or, Early Notebook, Containing Observations Made by C.D. When He Was at Edinburgh, March 1827. In Collected papers of Charles Darwin. 2 vols. Chicago: University Press, 2: 285-91. Text F1583a

Beck, R. 1865. [Darwin's dissecting microscope.] A treatise on the construction, proper use, and capabilities of Smith, Beck, and Beck's achromatic microscopes. London: J. Van Voorst, pp. 102-104. Text Image A500

Bell, T. 1842-3. Reptiles [and Amphibia] Part 5 of The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith Elder and Co.Text Image PDF F9.5
No. 1.
Text Image F8.18
No. 2.
Text Image F8.19

Bennett, T. 1861. Dun horses. The Field 17 (18 May): 431. Text Image A277

Bentham, G. 1882. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A5-A7

Berkeley, M. J. 1839. Notice of Some Fungi Collected by C. Darwin, Esq., during the Expedition of H. M. Ship Beagle. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4: 291-93. Text Image A97

Berkeley, M. J. 1842. Notice on some fungi collected by C. Darwin, Esq., in South America and the Islands of the Pacific. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 9: 443-448. Text Image A127

Berkeley, M. J. 1845. On an edible fungus from Tierra del Fuego, and an allied Chilian species. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 19: 37-43, plate 4. Text Image F1671

Besancenet, A. de. 1892. Charles Darwin (1809-1882). Les Contemporains (Paris) No. 11 (25 December): 1-16. Text Image A352

Bettany, G. T. 1887. Life of Charles Darwin. London: Walter Scott. Text Image A75

Bibron, G. 1841. Le rhinoderme de Darwin. Rhinoderma Darwinii. In Duméril, A. M. C. & Bibron, G. eds. Erpétologie générale, ou Histoire naturelle compléte des reptiles. Paris: Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, vol. 8, p. 659. Text Image A518

Blackman, F. F. 1932. Obituary notice of Francis Darwin. (With portrait). 1848-1925. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 110: i-xxi. Text Image A346

Blomefield, L. Jenyns. 1882. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A67-A68

Blomefield, L. Jenyns. 1887. Chapters in my life. Bath: [privately printed]. Text Image PDF A328

Bölsche, W. 1908. Darwin als Reisender. Kosmos 5 (12): 377-381. Image A880

Bowen, E. 1934. The mulberry tree [Downe House]. In Greene, Graham ed., The old school: essays by divers hands. London: Jonathan Cape, pp. 45-59. Text Image A484

[Bowen, F.] 1860. [Review of] On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. North American Review 90: 474-506. Text Image A15

Boyd, T. 1859. [Review of] On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties. Zoologist 17: 6357-6359. Text Image A42

Bradford, G. 1926. Darwin. Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin. Text Image PDF A875

Bree, C.R. 1860. Species not transmutable, nor the result of secondary causes. Being a critical examination of Mr. Darwin’s work entitled “Origin and Variation of Species”. London: Groombridge and Sons PDF A940

[Bridge.] 1882. [Words of Anthem composed by J. Frederick Bridge.] Westminster Abbey. Text Image A204

[Broderip, W. J.] 1839. [Review of] Narrative of the Voyages of H. M. S. Adventure and Beagle; .... London: 1839. Edinburgh Review or Critical Journal 69, no. 140 (July): 467-493. Text Image A225

Bronn, H. G. 1860. [Review of] Ch. Darwin: on the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life (502 pp. 8 o , London 1859). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde 112-116. Text A16

Bryant, G. E. 1942. New species of Chrysomelidae, Halticinae (Coleopt.), collected by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the 'Beagle', 1832-1836. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Ser. 11) 9: 99-107. Text Image A326

Bryce, J. 1909. Personal Reminiscences of Charles Darwin and of the Reception of the "Origin of Species". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 48, No. 193 (September): iii-xiv. Text Image A241

Büchner, L. 1901. [Recollection of Darwin's religious views]. Last Words on Materialism and Kindred Subjects, translated by Joseph McCabe. London: Watts and Co., pp. 147-8. Text A571

Buckland, W. 1837. Geology and mineralogy considered with reference to natural theology. Sixth Bridgewater treatise. Text A295

Bunbury, C. J. F. 1906. [Recollections of Darwin.] The life of Sir Charles J. F. Bunbury, Bart. Edited by his sister-in-law Mrs Henry Lyell [Katherine Murray Lyell]; with an introductory note by Sir Joseph Hooker. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Text A716

[Buob, L.] 1882. Darwin's Heim. Ueber Land und Meer. Allgemeine illustrierte Zeitung No. 34: 691-2, 1 plate, p. 688. [with English translation] Text Image A333

Burke, H. F. 1888. Pedigree of the family of Darwin. Image PDF A163

Busk, G. 1852. Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British Museum. Part I. Cheilostomata (part). London: Trustees of the British Museum. Text Image A532.1

Busk, G. 1854. Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British Museum, Part II. Cheilostomata (part). London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). Text Image A532.2

Busk, G. 1875. Catalogue of marine Polyzoa in the collection of the British Museum, Part III. Cyclostomata. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). Text Image A532.3

Butler, S. 1911. Evolution, old and new: or the theories of Buffon, Dr.Erasmus Darwin, and Lamarck, as compared with that of Charles Darwin. New York: E.P. Dutton PDF A954

Butler, T. 1882. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A10-A12

Byron, J. 1768. The narrative of the Honourable John Byron (Commodore in a late expedition around the world) containing an account of the great distresses suffered by himself and his companions on the coast of Patagonia, from the year 1740, till their arrival in England, 1746. London: S. Baker and G. Leigh, and T. Davies. Text

C. E. B. 1881. [Review of] Darwin's The Power of Movement in Plants. American Naturalist 15(9) (September) 729. Text Image A112

Caldcleugh, A. 1825. Travels in South America, during the years 1819 - 20 - 21: containing an account of the present state of Brazil, Buenos Ayres, and Chile. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Vol. 1 Text Image A332.1
Vol. 2 Text Image A332.2

Calman W. J. 1912. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A13

Cameron J. H. L. [ny]. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A14

Campbell, G. 1867. The Reign of Law. London: Alexander Strahan. Text Image A26

Carpenter, W. B. 1860. The Theory of Development in Nature. British and Foreign Medico-Chirurgical Review 25 (April): 367-404. Text Image A46

Carpenter, W. B. 1863. Dr. Carpenter and his reviewer. Athenaeum (4 April): 461. Text A249

Carpenter, W. B. 1882. Charles Darwin: his life and work. Modern Review 3: 500-24. Text Image A7

[Carpenter, W. B.] 1860. Darwin on the Origin of Species. National Review 10: 188-214. Text A17

Carlyle, T. 1853. [Recollection of Darwin] Letter to John A. Carlyle, 10 March 1853. In Carlyle, A. ed. 1904. New letters of Thomas Carlyle. 2 vols. London: John Lane, vol. 2: 145-46. Text A651

[Chambers, R.] 1844. Vestiges of the natural history of creation. London: John Churchill. Text A2

[Chambers, R.] 1845. Explanations: A sequel to "Vestiges of the natural history of creation." By the author of that work. London: John Churchill. Text Image A3

Champion, G. C. 1918. Notes on various South American Coleoptera collected by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle, with descriptions of new genera and species. Entomologists' Monthly Magazine 54: 43-55. Text Image A702

Chancellor, G., A. diMauro, R. Ingle, G. King. 1988. Charles Darwin's Beagle Collections in the Oxford University Museum. Archives of Natural History 15 (2): 197-231. Text Image PDF F1838 (© Society for the History of Natural History, reproduced with permission.)

Chancellor, G. 1990. Charles Darwin's St Helena Model Notebook. Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 18, No. 2: 203-228. Text Image PDF F1839

Chancellor, J. 2007. FitzRoy's Beagle. [Previously unpublished manuscript c. 1980]. Introduction Text A245

[Church, W. R.] 1860. [Review of] On the origin of species. Guardian (London) (8 February): 134-135. Text Image A512

Clark, J. W. and T. M. Hughes eds. 1890. The walking tour in North Wales. In The life and letters of the Reverend Adam Sedgwick Text Image A8

Clift, W. 1835. Notice on the Megatherium brought from Buenos Ayres by Woodbine Parish, Jun., Esq. F.G.S. F.R.S. [Read 13 June 1832] Transactions of the Geological Society of London (2nd ser.) 3 (3): 437-450, pls. 43-46. Text Image PDF A703

Cobbold, T. S. 1873. Notes on Entozoa—Part I. [Read 10 October] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 47 (18 November): 736-742, 1 plate. Text Image A293

Cobbold, T. S. 1874. Notes on Entozoa. Part II. [Read 2 January] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 48 (3 February): 124-8, 1 plate. Text Image A294

Cobbold, T. S. 1886. Notes on Parasites collected by the late Charles Darwin, Esq. By T. Spencer Cobbold, M.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., Hon. Vice-President of the Birmingham Natural History and Microscopical Society. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 19: 174-8. Text Image F1806

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1932. Bees collected by Charles Darwin on the voyage of the 'Beagle'. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 40 (December): 519-522. Text Image A322

Cohn, F. 1882. Ein Besuch bei Charles Darwin [1876]. Breslauer Zeitung (23 April). Image CUL-DAR 216.68c-69a

Cohn, F. 1901. Ein Besuch bei Charles Darwin. 1876. In Blätter der Erinnerung. Breslau: Kern. Image A592

Combe, G. 1847. The Constitution of Man and Its Relation to External Objects. Text A33

Cox C. F. 1889. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A15

Cradock, E. H. 1882. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A16-A17

[Crawford, J.] 1859. [Review of] Origin of species. Examiner pp. 772-773. Text  Image

Cunningham, J. T. 1886. Charles Darwin, naturalist. The Round Table series. Text Image A76

Cuvier, G. 1830. The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization . . . with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed. By Edward Griffith and others. Supplementary volume on the fossils. London: Whittacker. Text Image A548

[Dallas, W. S.?]. 1868. [Review of] Variation of animals and plants under domestication. Westminster Review n.s. 35 (January): 207-27. Text Image A606

D. T. A. 1860. Palaeontology. Dublin University Magazine 55 (June): 712-722. Text Image A510

Darwin, G. H. [nd] On my father's conversation. Text & image CUL-DAR112.B36-B40b

Darwin, G. H. [nd] Stories told by my father. Text & image CUL-DAR112.B47-B50

Darwin in Argentina. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 64, No. 1 (Feb. 2009): 1-180. Text PDF A194

Darwin, B. [1933.] Introduction [with reminiscence of his grandmother Emma Darwin]. In Gertrude Jekyll, Children and Gardens. 2d ed. Text A264

Darwin, B. 1941. Pack clouds away. London: Collins. [Recollections of Down and/or family]. Text Image A557

Darwin, C. R. 1873. Mr. Darwin on primroses, cowslips, and oxlips. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 3 (31 May): 416-417. [Summary of F1744] Image A660

Darwin, C. R. 1875. Movements of climbing plants. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 8 (18 December): 532-533. [Extracts from F836]. Image A665

Darwin, C. R. 1876. Mr. Darwin on the strawberry [extracts from Variation]. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 10 (29 July): 115-116. Image A666

Darwin, Emma. [1882?] [Reminiscences of Darwin on the 'Beagle']. Text CUL-DAR251.1106-7

Darwin, Emma. [1882?] [Reminiscences of Darwin]. Text CUL-DAR210.8.36-41

Darwin, Emma. 1868. [Letter on the spinal ice-bag]. In J. Chapman, Sea-sickness and how to prevent it. London: Trübner and Co., p. 101. Text Image A329

Darwin, F. [nd] [recollections of Darwin Charles Robert by Marshall W]. Text & image CUL-DAR112.B1-B2

Darwin, E. 1794. Zoonomia: or, the laws of organic life. 2 vols. London: J. Johnson.
Vol. 1. PDF A967.1
Vol. 2. PDF A967.2

Darwin, E. 1804. The temple of nature; or, the origin of society. A poem, with philosophical notes. Baltimore: John W. Butler. PDF A937

Darwin, E. 1825. The Botanic Garden, a poem, in two parts, containing the economy of vegetation, and the loves of the plants, with philosophical notes. London: Jones & Company. PDF A938

Darwin, F. 1875. On the primary vascular dilation in acute inflammation. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 10 (1875-6): 1-16. PDF A996

Darwin, F. 1876. On the structure of the snail's heart. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 10 (1875-6): 506-510. PDF A1004

Darwin, F. 1877. On the Protrusion of Protoplasmic Filaments from the Glandular Hairs of the Common Teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris). Communicated by Charles Darwin. [Abstract] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 26: 4-8. Text Image A242

Darwin, F. 1882. Mr. Charles Darwin's letters. Academy 526 (3 June): 396. Text A580

Darwin, F. c. 1884. [Preliminary draft of] 'Reminiscences of My Father's Everyday Life'. Introduction Text CUL-DAR140.3.1--159

Darwin, F. ed. 1887. The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. Click to see illustrations
Vol. 1 Text Image PDF F1452.1
Vol. 2 Text Image PDF F1452.2
Vol. 3 Text Image PDF F1452.3

[Darwin, F.] 1888. Darwin, Charles Robert. In L. Stephen and S. Lee eds., Dictionary of national biography. Text Image A252

Darwin, F. ed. 1892. Charles Darwin: his life told in an autobiographical chapter [abridged ed.]. Image PDF F1461

Darwin, F. 1899. The botanical work of Darwin. Annals of Botany 13: ix-xix. Text A261

Darwin, F. & Seward, A. C. eds. 1903. More letters of Charles Darwin. Click to see illustrations
Vol. 1. Text Image PDF F1548.1
Vol. 2. Text Image PDF F1548.2

Darwin, F. ed. 1909. The foundations of The origin of species. Two essays written in 1842 and 1844. Text Image PDF F1556 Click to see illustrations

Darwin, F. and E. H. Acton. 1909. Practical physiology of plants. Cambridge: University Press. Text Image A297

Darwin, F. nd. Cambridge Recollections [of Charles Darwin]. Text Image CUL-DAR112.B6

Darwin, F. 1910. The elements of botany. Cambridge: University Press. PDF A969

Darwin, F. 1912. FitzRoy and Darwin, 1831-36. Nature 88 (12 February): 547-8. Text Image A259

Darwin, F. 1914. [Obituary of] William Erasmus Darwin. Christ's College Magazine 29: 16-23. Text Image A554

Darwin, F. 1916. Memoir of Sir George Darwin. In Scientific Papers by Sir George Howard Darwin. Text A262

Darwin, F. 1917. Rustic sounds and other studies in literature and natural history. London: John Murray. [Darwin family recollections only]. Text Image A300

Darwin, F. 1920. Recollections. In idem, Springtime and other essays. Text A265

Darwin, F. 1920. The story of a childhood. Text Image A283

Darwin, G. H. [nd] Description of my father's ordinary habits during the latter years of his life. Text & image CUL-DAR112.B30-B35

Darwin, G. H. 1872. Development in dress. Macmillan Magazine 26: 410-416. Text A570

Darwin, G. H. 1873. Commodities versus labour. Contemporary Review 22: 689-98. PDF A998

Darwin, G. H. 1873. On beneficial restrictions to liberty of marriage. Contemporary Review 22: 412-26. PDF A997

Darwin, G. H. 1874. Note upon the article 'Primitive man-Tylor and Lubbock,' in No. 273. (Letter to the editor, 7 August) Quarterly Review 137: 587-8. PDF A999

Darwin, G. H. 1874. Professor Whitney on the origin of language. Contemporary Review 24: 894-904. PDF A1000

Darwin, G. H. 1875. On maps of the world. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 50: 431-4. PDF A1001

Darwin, G. H. 1875. On a mechanical representation of the second elliptic integral. Messenger of Mathematics 4: 113-15. PDF A1002

Darwin, G. H. 1878. On the bodily tides of viscous and semi-elastic spheroids, and on the ocean tides upon a yielding nucleus. [Read 23 May] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 170 (1879): 1-35. PDF A1003

Darwin, G. H. 1882. [Recollections of Charles Darwin]. Text Image CUL-DAR112.B9-B23

Darwin, G. H. and F. Darwin eds. 1909. Darwin celebration, Cambridge, June, 1909. Speeches delivered at the banquet held on June 23rd. Text A279

Darwin, G. H. nd. [Recollections of Charles Darwin]. Text mages CUL-DAR112.B24-B29

Darwin, G. H.? [nd] It was curious that Dr D[arwin] being a freethinker my father should have been so orthodoxly brought up. Text & image CUL-DAR112.B3a

Darwin, L. 1929. Memories of Down House. The Nineteenth Century 106:118-123. Text Image A224

Darwin, W. E. 1883. [Recollections of Charles Darwin]. Text Image CUL-DAR112.B3b--B3f

Darwin, W. E. [ny]. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A26-A27

Darwin's Catalogue of the appendages and other parts of Cirripedes, mounted as microscopical slides. (1854-5)]. Introduction Image UMZC-Histories3.454

Daubeny, C. G. B. 1861. Remarks on the final causes of the sexuality of plants, with particular reference to Mr Darwin's work "On the origin of species by natural selection". Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 30th meeting (1861), Transactions of the sections: 109-110. Text Image A62

Davy, J. 1854-5. Some Observations on the Ova of the Salmon, in Relation to the Distribution of Species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7: 362-363. Text Image A107

Davy, J. 1856. On the Vitality of the Ova of the Salmonidae of Different Ages; in a Letter addressed to Charles Darwin, Esq., M.A., V.P.R.S. &c. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 8: 27-33. Text Image A108

Davy, J. 1856. Some Observations on the Ova of the Salmon, in Relation to the Distribution of Species; in a letter addressed to Charles Darwin, Esq., M.A., V.P.R.S. &c. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 146: 21-29. Text Image A109

[Dawkins, W. B.]. 1868. [Review of] Variation of animals and plants under domestication. Edinburgh Review 128 (October): 414-50. Text Image A603

Dawson, J. W. 1860. [Review of] Darwin on the origin of species by means of natural selection. Canadian Naturalist and Geologist 5: 100-120. Text Image A47

de Beer, G. 1968. The Darwin letters at Shrewsbury School. Notes and Records of the Royal Society 23 (1) (June): 68-85. Text Image A538

de Beer, G. ed. 1959. Darwin's journal. Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 1: 1-21. Image PDF F1573 [Since superceded by: [Darwin's personal 'Journal' (1809-1881)]. Introduction Text CUL-DAR158.1-76]

de Beer, G. ed. 1960. Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part I. First notebook [B] (July 1837-February 1838). Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 2 (January): 23-73. Text Image PDF F1574a [Since superceded by F1817]

de Beer, G. ed. 1960. Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part II. Second notebook [C] (February to July 1838). Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 3 (May): 75-118. Text Image PDF F1574b [Since superceded by F1817]

de Beer, G. ed. 1960. Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part III. Third notebook [D] (July 15 to October 2nd 1838). Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 4 (July):119-150. Text Image PDF F1574c [Since superceded by F1817]

de Beer, G. ed. 1960. Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part IV, Fourth notebook [E] (October 1838-10 July 1839). Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 5 (September): 151-183. Text Image PDF F1574d [Since superceded by F1817]

de Beer, G., Rowlands, M. J. and Skramovsky, B. M. eds. 1967. Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Part VI. Pages excised by Darwin. Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 3, No. 5 (21 March): 129-176. Text Image PDF F1574f [Since superceded by F1817]

de Beer, G., Rowlands, M. J. eds. 1961. Darwin's notebooks on transmutation of species. Addenda and corrigenda. Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 2, No. 6 (October): 185-200. Text Image PDF F1574e [Since superceded by F1817]

D. K. 1885. Shrewsbury and Darwin. New York Times (4 January): 4. Text A1012

De la Beche, H. T. 1830. Geological notes. London: Treuttel. Text Image A584

De La Beche, H.T. 1830. Sections and views, illustrative of geological phaenomena. London: Treuttel & Würtz, Treutter, Junr. & Richter PDF A942

De la Beche, H.T. 1833. A geological manual, 3rd ed., considerably enlarged. London: Treuttel and Würtz, Treuttel Jun. and Richter. PDF A950

de Varigny, H. 1889. Charles Darwin. Paris: Librairie Hachette. Text Image A330

Dick, T. L. 1823. On the Parallel Roads of Lochaber. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 9: 1-64, Pls. 1-7. Text Image A217

Dixon, E.S. 1848. Ornamental and domestic poultry: their history and management. London: Office of the "Gardeners' Chronicle" PDF A946

D.M. 1868. Genealogical picture of Mr. Punch’s forefathers (dedicated to Mr. Darwin). Punch’s Almanac for 1868: 271. Image A975

DuBois H. A. 1865. The origin and antiquity of man: Darwin, Huxley and Lyell [part I]. American Quarterly Church Review, and Ecclesiastical Register 17 (2) (July): 169-197. Text Image A564.1

DuBois H. A. 1865. The origin and antiquity of man: Darwin, Huxley and Lyell, part II. American Quarterly Church Review, and Ecclesiastical Register 17 (3) (October): 337-366. Text Image A564.2

DuBois H. A. 1866. Analysis of Darwin, Huxley and Lyell: being a critical examination of the views of these authors in regard to the origin and antiquity of man. Republication from the American Quarterly Church Review. Text Image A565

DuBois H. A. 1866. The origin and antiquity of man: Darwin, Huxley and Lyell, part III. American Quarterly Church Review, and Ecclesiastical Register 17 (4) (January): 505-534. Text Image A564.3

Duff, Ursula Grant ed.] 1924. The life-work of Lord Avebury (Sir John Lubbock) 1834-1913. London: Watts & Co. [Darwin recollections only] Text Image A489

Duns, J.] 1860. [Review of] On the Origin of species. North British Review 32 (May): 455-486. Text Image A48

Edwards, H. 1882. Obituary. Charles Robert Darwin F.R.S. Papilio. Organ of the New York Entomological Club 2, no. 5 (May): 81. Text Image F2009

Ehrenberg, C. G. 1844. Über einen die ganze Luft längere Zeit trübenden Staubregen im hohen atlantischen Ocean, in 70° 43' N.B. 26 W.L., und dessen Mischung aus zahlreichen Kieselthieren. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, pp. 194-207. Text Image A138

Ehrenberg, C. G. 1845. Über eine aus feinstem Kieselmehl von Infusorien bestehende Schminke der Feuerländer. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeingneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, pp. 63-64. Text Image A139

Ehrenberg, C. G. 1845. Über einen bedeutenden Infusorien haltenden vulkanischen Aschen-Tuff (Pyrobiolith) auf der Insel Ascension. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeingneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, pp. 140-42. Text Image A140

Ehrenberg, C. G. 1845. Über einen See-Infusorien haltenden weissen vulkanischen Aschen-Tuff (Pyrobioloth) als sehr grosse Gebirgsmasse in Patagonien. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeingneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, pp. 143-57. Text Image A141

Ellis, W. 1829. Polynesian researches, during a residence of nearly six years in the South Sea Islands, including descriptions of the natural history and scenery of the Islands, with remarks on the history, mythology, traditions, government, arts, manners, and customs of the inhabitants. London: Fisher, Son, & Jackson.
Vol. 1 Text Image A549.1
Vol. 2 Text Image A549.2

Enderby, C. 1839. Discoveries in the Antarctic Ocean, in February, 1839. Extracted from the Journal of the schooner Eliza Scott, commanded by Mr. John Balleny. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 9: 517-528. Image A301

'Eques (Argyllshire)'. 1861. Dun horses. The Field 17 (8 June): 494-5. Text Image A278

Fabre, H. 1913. My relations with Darwin. The Fortnightly Review n.s. 94: 661-675. Text Image A482

Fawcett, H. 1860. A Popular Exposition of Mr Darwin on the Origin of Species. Macmillan's Magazine (3 December): 81-92. Text Image A23

Fenton, C. L. [1924]. Darwin and the theory of evolution. Text Image A260

Fish, D. T. 1882. [Obituary] Charles Darwin. Garden, an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches 21 (29 April): 302. Text Image A667

Fiske, J. 1882. [Obituary of] Charles Darwin. The Atlantic monthly 49, Issue 296, (June): 835-845. Text Image A82

FitzRoy, R. 1832. Extract of a Letter from Captain Fitz Roy, of H. M. Sloop Beagle, on the subject of the Abrolhos Bank. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 2: 315-316. Text A209

FitzRoy, R. 1836. Sketch of the Surveying Voyages of his Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle, 1825-1836. Commanded by Captains P. P. King, P. Stokes, and R. Fitz-Roy, Royal Navy. Journal of the Geological Society of London 6: 311-343. Text Image PDF A73

FitzRoy, R. 1837. Extracts from the Diary of an Attempt to Ascend the River Santa Cruz, in Patagonia, with the boats of his Majesty's sloop Beagle. By Captain Robert Fitz Roy, R.N. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 7: 114-26. Text Image A74

FitzRoy, R. 1837. Notice of the Mountain Aconcagua in Chile. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 7: 143-144. Text A210

FitzRoy, R. 1839. Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle's circumnavigation of the globe. Proceedings of the second expedition, 1831-36, under the command of Captain Robert Fitz-Roy, R.N. London: Henry Colburn. Text Image PDF F10.2

[FitzRoy, R.] 1839. Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle's circumnavigation of the globe. Appendix to Volume II. London: Henry Colburn. Text Image PDF F10.2a

Flourens, P. 1864. Examen du livre de M. Darwin sur l'origine des espèces. Paris: Garnier Frères. Text Image A502

Foote, G. W. 1889. Darwin on God. London: Progressive publishing company. Text Image PDF A551

Forbes, E. 1846. Descriptions of Secondary Fossil Shells from South America. Appendix. In Darwin, C. R., Geological Observations on South America. London: Smith, Elder, pp. 265-68, pl. v. Text Image F273

Forster, L. M. 1883. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A31-A37

Forster, L. M. 1885. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A38-A47

Forster, L. M. 1885. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A48-A49

Fraser, G. D. 1888. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A50-A51

Freeman, R. B. 1968. Charles Darwin on the routes of male humble bees. Bulletin BMNH (Hist.) 3: 177-189. Text Image PDF F1581

Freeman, R. B. 1977. The Works of Charles Darwin: An Annotated Bibliographical Handlist. 2d ed. Text Image A1 [Superceded by the Freeman bibliographical database here.]

Freeman, R. B. 1978. Charles Darwin: A companion. Text Image A27 [Superceded by the 2d edition here]

Freeman, R. B. 1984. Darwin Pedigrees. London, printed for the author. Text Image PDF A303

Freeman, R. B. 2007. Charles Darwin: A companion. 2d online edition compiled by Sue Asscher. Text A27b [a work-in-progress]

Freeman, R. B. and P. J. Gautrey. 1969. Darwin's Questions about the Breeding of Animals, with a Note on Queries about Expression. Journal of the society for the bibliography of natural history 5 (3): 220-225. Text Image F1923

Freeman, R. B. and P. J. Gautrey. 1975. Charles Darwin's Queries about Expression. Journal of the society for the bibliography of natural history 7 (3): 259-263. Text Image F1924

Frost, S. T. 1867. Darwin and Domestication. Harper's new monthly magazine 36 (Issue 211): 58-63. Text Image A64

Funkhouser, W. D. 1934. A new membracid collected by Charles Darwin (Homoptera). Entomological News 45 (8) (October): 203-204. Text Image A323

Galton, F. [nd]. [Recollections of Darwin.] Text CUL-DAR112.A52-A53

Galton, F. [1859-1882]. [Recollection of Darwin]. In Galton, F. 1909. Memories of my life. New York: Dutton, pp. 287-88, 169. Text A656

Galton, F. 1871. Experiments in pangenesis, by breeding from rabbits of a pure variety, into whose circulation blood taken from other varieties had previously been transfused. [Read 30 March] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 19: 393-410. Image A287

Galton, F. 1871. Pangenesis. Nature 4 (4 May): 5-6. Image A68

[Galton, F.] 1882. The late Mr. Darwin: a suggestion. Pall Mall Gazette (27 April). Text

Geikie, A. 1888. The life and letters of Charles Darwin. Littell's Living Age 176, 2271 (7 January): 3-10. Text Image A873

Geikie, A. 1909. Charles Darwin as geologist: The Rede Lecture given at the Darwin Centennial Commemoration on 24 June 1909. Cambridge: University Press. Text Image A211

Geldart, E. M. 1883. Anecdote of the late Charles Darwin. The Field Naturalist p. 21. Text Image A498

Ghiselin, M. T. 2009. Darwin: A reader's guide. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences (155 [12 February]), 185 pp, 3 figs. Text PDF A622

Glick, T. F. 1982. Darwin en España. Barcelona: Col. Libros de Bolsillo 574, Ediciones Peninsula. Text Image PDF A338

Gould, J. [and G. R. Gray]. 1838-1841. Birds Part 3 of The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith Elder and Co. Text Image PDF F9.3

Gould, J. 1837. [Remarks on a Group of Ground Finches from Mr. Darwin's Collection, with Characters of the New Species]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 4-7. Text Image A88

Gould, J. 1837. [Observations on the Raptorial Birds in Mr. Darwin's Collection, with Characters of the New Species]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 9-11. Text Image A89

Gould, J. 1837. Exhibition of the fissirostral birds from Mr. Darwin’s collection, and characters of the new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 22. Text Image A695

Gould, J. 1837. [Observations on a species of Sterna in King's College, a species of cormorant in the United Service Museum and three species of the genus Orpheus, from the Galapagos, in the collection of Mr. Darwin]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 26-27. Text Image A306

Gould, J. 1837. [On a New Rhea (Rhea Darwinii) from Mr. Darwin's Collection]. [Read 14 March] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 35. Text Image A177

Gould, J. 1837. [Exhibition of Mr. Darwin's Birds, and description of a New Species of Wagtail (Motacilla Yarrelli)]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 77-78. Text Image A178

Gould, J. 1838. [Exhibition of 'another portion of the birds collected by Charles Darwin, Esq.']. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 6: 4. Text Image A696

Grant, R. E. 1827. Notice regarding the ova of the Pontobdella muricata, Lam. Edinburgh Journal of Science 7 (1): 160-161. Text Image A144 [Darwin first mentioned in print.]

Grant Duff, M. E. 1898. [Recollections of Darwin.] Notes from a diary, 1873-1881. London: John Murray, vol. 2, pp. 283; 300. Text A617Grant 1827

Gray, A. 1860. Discussion between two readers of Darwin's treatise on the Origin of Species, upon its natural theology. American Journal of Science and Arts 30 (89) (September): 226-239. Text Image A566

Gray, A. 1860. The origin of species. Athenaeum (4 August): 161. [Extract from Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 4: 411-15]. Text Image A213

Gray, A. 1861. A free examination of Darwin's treatise on the Origin of Species, and of its American reviewers. Reprinted from the Atlantic monthly for July, August, and October, 1860. London: Trübner & Co., Boston: Ticknor and Fields. Text Image A567

Gray, A. 1861. Natural Selection not inconsistent with Natural Theology. A free examination of Darwin's treatise on the Origin of Species, and of its American reviewers. Reprinted from the Atlantic monthly for July, August, and October, 1860. London: Trübner & Co., Boston: Ticknor and Fields. Text Image A567

[Gray, A. Communicated by Charles Darwin.] 1873. Survival of the fittest. Nature (27 March): 404. Text Image PDF A1028

Gray, A. 1874. Notice [of Charles Robert Darwin] by Asa Gray. The American Naturalist 8, No. 8. (August): 475-479. Text A230

Gray, A. 1888. Darwiniana: Essays and reviews pertaining to Darwinism. New York: D. Appleton. Text Image PDF A336

[Gray, A.] 1860. [Review of] On the Origin of Species. Atlantic Monthly 6 (July-August): 109-116, 229-239. Text Image A49

[Gray, A.] 1860. Darwin and his reviewers. Atlantic Monthly 6 (October): 406-425. Text Image A51

[Gray, A.] 1860. Review of Darwin's theory on the origin of species by means of natural selection. American Journal of Science and Arts (Ser. 2) 29 (March): 153-184. Text Image A50

Gray, J. E. 1845. [Specimens presented by Darwin in] Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. London: Newman. Text Image A275

Green, J. R. 1860. [Recollection of Darwin] Letter to W. Boyd Dawkins, 3 July 1860. In Stephen, L. ed. 1901. Letters of John Richard Green. London: Macmillan, pp. 43-45. Text A653

Gretton, F. E. 1889. [Recollection of Darwin] Memory's harkback through half-a-century 1808 to 1858. London: Bentley and son, p. 33. Text Image A550

Griffin, Charles. 1861. Darwin, Charles. A dictionary of contemporary biography. London: Griffin, pp. 122-3. Text PDF A1021

Groom, H. 1844. Pelargoniums. Gardeners' Chronicle no. 36 (7 September): 605. Text Image A222

Grouw, H. van, and F. D. Steinheimer. 2008. Charles Darwin’s lost Cinereous Harrier found in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History Leiden. Zoologische Mededelingen 82 (December): 595-598. Text PDF A581

Gulick, A. 1922. Charles Darwin, the Man. The Scientific Monthly 15, No. 2 (August): 132-143. Text Image A240

Gulick, J. T. 1908. [Recollection of Darwin, 1872]. The American Naturalist 42, no. 493 (January): 48-57. Text A643

Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the collection of the British Museum. London: Trustees of the British Museum. Image A535

Günther, A. 1860. On a new snake from the Galapagos Islands [Herpetodryas biserialis]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1860: 97-98. Text Image A700

Günther, A. 1877. The gigantic land-tortoises (living and extinct) in the collection of the British Museum. London: British Museum, iv + 96 p., pls. I-LIV. Image A701

H. A. S. [1888]. Darwin and his works: a biological & metaphysical study. London: John Bale and Sons. Text Image PDF A315

Haeckel, E. 1866. Generelle Morphologie der Organismen: allgemeine Grundzüge der organischen Formen-Wissenschaft: mechanisch begründet durch die von Charles Darwin reformirte Descendenz-Theorie. 2 vols. Berlin: Georg Reimer, vol. 1: Allgemeine Anatomie der Organismen. PDF A959.1

Haeckel, E. 1866.

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Conheça algumas curiosidades antes de visitar Quebec constable canadense de ganso

Conheça algumas curiosidades antes de visitar Quebec

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Quebec é a maior província do Canadá onde a primeira língua falada é o francês, são cerca de 8 milhões de habitantes. Por lá, ser diferente das outras partes do país é motivo de orgulho para a maioria dos moradores. E essas diferenças não estão só no jeito de falar, os Quebecois, ou cidadãos de Quebec – mostram que também possuem um jeito próprio de cozinhar e se divertir. Baseado em uma matéria do site de notícias CNN separamos algumas curiosidades para quem está planejando visitar ou até morar na província.  Se divirta!

Realmente tudo é em francês

bemvindo

A língua predominante é o francês, como já citamos, mas isso em Quebec quer dizer que as placas, lojas, restaurantes, cardápios, tudo vai seguir essa linha. La existe até uma organização pública, o OQLF (Office quebecois de la langue francaise) que tem como principal função garantir que o francês seja usado como língua oficial, dando até multa para empresas que não seguem as regras.  

Então, mesmo não falando francês é legal dar uma olhada em como se diz palavras e frases do dia a dia, como obrigado, por favor, frango, carne, socorro, cerveja, água, etc. Você vai encontrar pessoa que também falam inglês, mas como diz aquele ditado: “O seguro morreu de velho”. Já que dos 8 milhões de habitantes da província, 80% falam francês como língua mãe e fora das grandes cidades, como Montreal, a maioria da população fala francês.

Igrejas católicas para vender

Foto: NORMAND BLOUIN/AFP/Getty Images

Como a província foi povoado por franceses nada mais normal pensar que o catolicismo tem marca forte na cultura dos Quebecois. Porém, o que tem se notado nos últimos anos são igrejas vazias. Muitos dos prédios estão para vender, alguns foram demolidos e outros se tornaram espaços para fins não religiosos.

Quebec tem seu próprio feriado nacional

O maior feriado nacional do Canadá acontece em 1 de Julho pela celebração do dia do Canadá. Inclusive em Quebec, onde as pessoas não trabalham e a cidade promove comemorações. Mas por lá, o maior feriado nacional é outro. A província realmente para no dia 24 de Junho por causa do feriado do Dia Nacional de Quebec. A a data marcava inicialmente o nascimento de João Batista, pri